a bilateral agreement While the war in Catatumbo continues, the Colombian-Venezuelan border has been officially reopened on September 26, but for environmental liabilities it has never been closed. For obvious reasons, borders do not stop forests, microclimates and rivers, but in the same sense, environmental degradation also migrates over the border line. Although the environment appears on Petro's international agenda, the truth is that it has not been touched on in the bilateral talks with Venezuela. Oil, coal, gasoline, cocaine and palm oil.
The global demand for these resources drives the south africa phone number list conflict dynamics in regions such as Catatumbo. The violent dispossession of land and transformations of rural property seriously affect the rights of peasant and ethnic communities to land, territory and food security. The Peace Agreement in Colombia opened a window of opportunity to transform the conditions that led to the armed conflict and its negative environmental effects.
But the failure to comply with several crucial points of the agreement, the implementation of militaristic policies in the territories and the prioritization of an extractive development agenda have had serious consequences. Only if Colombia manages to combine its new strategy on drug policy, its position on "complete peace" and its proposals on environmental protection in a bilateral agenda with Venezuela, will there be chances of recovering a healthy environment at the borders.